1960-1968: The growing legitimacy of cinema and a world of new horizons
The Cannes Film Festival becomes a sign of the times
Although the fifties ended with the crowning of The 400 Blows, the Festival did not particularly encourage the leaders of the New Wave. Directors such as Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Eric Rohmer continued to be ignored by the selection committee. Nevertheless, the Festival was not completely impermeable to innovation. In 1960 Fellini's groundbreaking film La Dolce Vita really made waves. The film was awarded the Palme d'Or on the fierce insistence of the president of the jury Georges Simenon. In the same year, an important new character made his appearance on La Croisette. He was an indiscreet photographer called Paparazzo whose name was destined to be associated with a highly unscrupulous section of the profession. The Festival began to reflect the changing attitudes in the sixties. In 1961, two films sparked off real controversy: Viridiana by Luis Buñuel and Mother Joan of the Angels by Jerzy Kawalerowicz. The Warsaw clergy initiated legal proceedings against the latter film accusing it of undermining the dignity of the Church. The jury, presided by Jean Giono, awarded the Palme d'Or to the Spanish film and the Special Jury Prize to the Polish film. In 1966, The Nun by Jacques Rivette was banned by the censors. However the film was selected to participate in the Cannes Film Festival, a decision that was praised by the French Minister of Culture at the time André Malraux.
Dolce Vita night at the 1960 Festival
Party night for the "Dolce Vita" at the 13th festival and jury deliberations.
Jacques Rivette talks about his film The Nun
Photo session with Anna Karina, then interview with Jacques Rivette, who explains the basis of his film The Nun, according to Diderot, and defends himself for making a "despicably anti-clerical" work.
Opening up to the rest of the world and to youth culture
The Cannes Film Festival gradually opened up to the International film world. Films from countries such as China, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Brazil began to feature amongst the award winners, and Japan was particularly in vogue with its Samurai films winning four Special Jury Prizes between 1960 and 1965. In 1962 youth was also taken into account when the Association of Film Critics created Critics' Week, a parallel event that presented filmmakers' first or second films. The public were particularly impressed by Bertrand Blier's first feature film shown at this event, Hitler, connais pas .
List of winners of the 1960 Cannes Festival
Maria Callas is a special guest at the festival and prize-giving ceremony of the 13th festival.
The 1964 selection
Overview of the selection of the 17th Cannes Festival and triumphant evening for "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg".
An evolving jury
In 1964, for the first time, the president of the jury was not an academic but a director named Fritz Lang. Since the festival's very beginnings, the jury had always been led by writers such as André Maurois, Marcel Achard, Marcel Pagnol, Maurice Genevoix, Jean Giono to name but a few. Up until then the film world had been qualified as a minor art form, but it would be legitimised by respected intellectual and cultural institutions such as the Académie Française. From then on, the 7th Art became more and more liberated and the members of the jury were increasingly chosen from the film world. In 1965, the actress Olivia de Havilland was the first woman president of the jury, followed the year after by Sofia Loren.
Jean Giono and the cinema
Jean Giono, president of the jury, talks about the cinema, what it represents for him and his own experience as a director.
The jury of the 1965 Festival speaks
Presentation of the jury of the 18th Festival, then interview with the General Delegate on the choice of jury and the jury members André Maurois, Rex Harrisson, Alain Robbe-Grillet and Olivia de Havilland?
Sophia Loren, president of the jury of the 1966 Festival
Sophia Loren speaks about the way in which she sees her role as president of the jury.
The events of 1968
By this time the Cannes Film Festival was a recognised event for fans and professionals of the film world. But in May 1968, as students were building barricades in Paris, it was once again in danger. The atmosphere in Cannes was electric, and feelings were running especially high amongst the younger generation of filmmakers. François Truffaut made the announcement, "Everything with any sort of dignity or importance in France has come to a stop. I propose that we bring Cannes to a halt to organise a debate about the future of French cinema!" The jury members pulled out one after the other, first Louis Malle, then Monica Vitti and Roman Polanski. The debates and the strike action that paralysed the Palais du Festival became increasingly bitter. On the 18th of May, at the height of the troubles, Carlos Saura and Geraldine Chaplin prevented the showing of their film Peppermint Frappé by hanging onto the stage curtains. On the 19th of May, The president of the Festival Robert Favre Le Bret decided to cancel the festival to prevent things from degenerating any further.
Cannes Festival, May 1968
Competition fever affects the Cannes Festival in May 68. Jean-Luc Godard, Roman Polanski, François Truffaut and Louis Malle lead passionate debates, holed up in the Palais des Festivals, to answer the question: should we stop the festival?
Louis Malle remembers May 68 at Cannes
Louis Malle remembers the Cannes Festival in May 68, where passionate discussions led to the cancellation of the event.
Interview with Michel Simon, under the plane trees
Meeting around a game of petanque with Michel Simon, who talks about his illness, his literary loves, the job of artist, boxing, friendship and a love of animals.
Jean-Luc Godard in Cannes on the subject of Breathless
Interview with Jean-Luc Godard about his films, Breathless and The Little Soldier, on the reception of the films by the public and the critics, on his cinematic desires and on the relationship he has with the profession.
Interview with Luis Bunuel
Interview with the discreet and modest Luis Bunuel, who talks about cinema, exile and freedom.
Report dedicated to the opening of the 13th Cannes international film festival: declaration by Bernard Cornut-Gentille, Mayor of Cannes, followed by celebrities climbing the steps for the opening evening.
Eventful climbing of the steps at the 1961 Cannes Festival
A real crowd on the Palais steps for the arrival of Gina Lollobrigida.
Opening of the 1961 festival
Opening of the 14th Cannes international film festival: the starlets are on the beach and the stars climb the steps.
Mexican night with Eddie Barclay
The whole of Cannes parties until dawn at the sumptuous Mexican evening organised by the producer Eddie Barclay.
René Clément talks about the films
René Clément gives some reflections on the "Italian" film he presented at Cannes, the reasons why some films age badly and the future of the cinema-television coupling.
Sidney Poitier on the question of race
Interview with Sidney Poitier on the situation of a coloured man in the cinema and the racial question in the United States.
Opening of the 1962 festival
For the 15th festival, the Minister of Information Alain Peyreffitte has come to chair the international TV news day. Romy Schneider and Sophia Loren are assailed by photographers.
Mel Ferrer evokes the difficult tasks of a jury member at the Cannes Festival
Mel Ferrer talks about the difficult role of a jury member, who must judge the films and make choices. With great courtesy, he then mentions the directors he admires.
List of winners of the 1961 Cannes Festival
Prize-giving ceremony of the 14th Cannes festival, with Jean Marais as Master of Ceremony.
The new career of Romy Schneider
Romy Schneider explains why and how she changed, moving from the "Viennese pâtisserie" of the Sissi series to more ambitious roles with demanding directors.
Opening of the 1963 festival
Arrival of the first stars at the 16th Cannes festival, with special guest Alfred Hitchcock, accompanied by Tippi Hedren.
Alfred Hitchcock delivers his concept of suspense
Visit by Alfred Hitchcock to Cannes, with his interpreter Tippi Hedren, to present the film "The Birds" out of competition. Hitchcock plays with the photographers, has a go at pantomime and responds humorously and in French to the journalists' questions about suspense, black humor and the "type" of his heroins.
The cinema according to Robert Bresson
On the occasion of the release of his film "The Trial of Jeanne d'Arc", the film-maker Robert Bresson explains his project, the sources he used, his meeting with his principal actor, the concept of the actor and his need for working very descreetly.
List of winners of the 1962 Cannes Festival
Award ceremony of the 15th Cannes international film festival.
What Michel Audiard thinks of the Cannes Festival
Interview with Michel Audiard, who has come to present "Greed in the Sun" in competition at Cannes, thinks that the Festival has become an "amusing fair" and mocks the jury's opinion of his film.
Opening of the 1964 festival
Arrival of the stars at the 17th festival and presentation of the jury presided by Fritz Lang.
List of award-winners at the 1963 Cannes Festival
Prize-giving ceremony of the 16th Cannes international film festival: palmed d'Or to Luchino Visconti.
Bette Davis in competition
The independent Bette Davis talks of her complex situation in Hollywood, her estrangement from the job and her return with a film which is close to her heart, "Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?" by Robert Aldrich.
Interview with a jury member, Robert Hossein
François Chalais tries in vain to obtain information on the films in the selection from Robert Hossein, a member of the jury.
List of winners of the 1965 Cannes Festival
Award ceremony of the 18th Cannes international film festival.
1965: 18th anniversary of the Cannes festival
Opening of the 18th festival, then summary using archive pictures of the highlights of the previous festivals, since the first one in 1946.
List of winners of the 1964 Cannes Festival
Brief summary of the award ceremony of the 17th Cannes international film festival.
Françoise Dorléac and Nelly Benedetti on the subject of the film The Soft Skin
Françoise Dorléac strolls around Cannes and comments on the showing of The Soft Skin the previous evening, while Nelly Benedetti talks about her role in the film.
The projects of Jacques Demy
The new projects of Jacques Demy, after the success of "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg", presented in competition at the 17th Cannes Festival.
Portrait of Claude Lelouch, aged 28
Report on Claude Lelouch, aged 28, who has come to present his film "A Man and a Woman". The camera follows him throughout his participation at the Cannes Festival.
Géraldine Chaplin, first steps in Cannes
Géraldine Chaplin, at the Cannes Festival for the first time, imitates her father's attitudes on the pier and talks about her famous name and her role in "Doctor Zhivago".
Opening of the 1966 festival
Opening of the 19th "20th anniversary" festival with special guest Princess Margaret of England.
Blow up, Cannes 1967
Press conference with Michelangelo Antonioni about "Blow Up", his film shot in London, then Monica Vitti talks about being an actress.
Starlets, behind the scenes of their exploits
Quirky and scathing report on the starlets, the pretty young girls who have come to Cannes in the hope of being noticed by a producer or director. One of them has come with her mother, another approaches every cinema person she meets, etc.
Claude Lelouch, member of the jury at the 1967 Festival
Interview with Claude Lelouch about his role as jury member at the 20th Cannes Festival. He talks about Shirley MacLaine and also mentions the film he is currently directing.
The Brigitte Bardot revolution
Brigitte Bardot and Gunther Sachs, surrounded by police, try to clear a path in the crowd of journalists, so they can enter the Palais des Festivals in Cannes.
Opening of the 1967 festival
Opening gala of the 20th Cannes International Film Festival.
The 1968 Festival won by a challenge [mute]
Silent documentary showing a sit-in in front of the Palais des Festivals in May 68, streamers and lively discussions in a film theatre with François Truffaut, Claude Lelouch and Louis Malle.
Cannes without stars
Quirky report on the people of Cannes; what they think of the Festival, whether they know the great directors, their taste in films, the impact of the Festival on business, etc. Then images of Yves Montand and Gina Lollobrigida, Géraldine Chaplin, etc. climbing the steps
List of winners of the 1966 festival
Extract of the award ceremony of the 19th Festival, with winners who provoked lively reactions in the room.
Last preparations before the opening of the 1968 Festival
Report in the office of the General Delegate Robert Favre le Bret, a few days before the opening of the 21st Festival.
Serge Bondartchouk about his vote at the Cannes festival
Interview with the director Serge Bondartchouk, member of the jury, who defended a different film from his colleagues, "Mouchette" by Robert Bresson, and who explains his reasons.
Atmosphere at the 1962 Cannes Festival
Atmosphere at the 15th Cannes festival: the usual and contradictory comments on the selection, the always elegant gala dinners, troubled only by the mini-scandal of a starlet getting undressed on the Palais steps.
Closure of the 1957 Festival
Closing evening of the 10th Cannes Festival: last climbing of the steps and last gala dinner with the Festival winners.
List of winners of the 1956 Festival
Reading of the list of winners of the 9th Festival by the jury president Maurice Lehmann.
The films of the 1965 Festival
Overview of the selection of the 18th Festival.
Two figures of the Festival, Robert Favre le Bret and Aguigui Mouna
Portrait of the burlesque philosopher Aguigui Mouna in the streets of Cannes, followed by an interview with Robert Favre le Bret, General Delegate, who comments on the growth of the Cannes Festival and the principles of the official selection.
Johnny Hallyday at the 1962 Festival
Quick visit to Cannes by the pop idol, Johnny Hallyday: arriving by plane, convertible car, scooter then beach, autographs, twist and a fun evening at the Whisky à Gogo.
Luchino Visconti expresses himself at length about the cinema and about The Leopard
The concept of the cinema according to Luchino Visconti, who has come to Cannes to present his new film The Leopard a vast and lavish historical fresco.
Chronicles of Cannes: Sammy Davis Jr, Orson Welles, Bourvil-De Funès, Jeanne Moreau
Chronicles of Cannes: Sammy Davis Junior strolls around la Croisette, Orson Welles celebrates his film "Falstaff", Bourvil and De Funès crack up laughing at the strip-tease of Terry Thomas, Jeanne Moreau climbs the steps of the Palais des Festivals.
20 years of the Festival
On the 20th anniversary of the Cannes Festival, the General Delegate Robert Favre le Bret remembers the first event in 1946 at the end of the war, with the discovery of films from around the world and Italian neo-realism.
Sean Connery explains the success of James Bond
Sean Connery explains the reasons for the success of the "James Bond" saga, films which are colourful, lively and full of humour, which woke up a cinematic world then dominated by sad, serious films. Sean Connery then talks about his career.
List of winners of the 1967 Cannes Festival
Extract of the award ceremony of the 20th Cannes international film festival, where Michelangelo Antonioni is crowned for his film shot in England, "Blow Up".