Editorial path

1960-1968: The growing legitimacy of cinema and a world of new horizons

Céline Keller

The Cannes Film Festival becomes a sign of the times

Although the fifties ended with the crowning of The 400 Blows, the Festival did not particularly encourage the leaders of the New Wave. Directors such as Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Eric Rohmer continued to be ignored by the selection committee. Nevertheless, the Festival was not completely impermeable to innovation. In 1960 Fellini's groundbreaking film La Dolce Vita really made waves. The film was awarded the Palme d'Or on the fierce insistence of the president of the jury Georges Simenon. In the same year, an important new character made his appearance on La Croisette. He was an indiscreet photographer called Paparazzo whose name was destined to be associated with a highly unscrupulous section of the profession. The Festival began to reflect the changing attitudes in the sixties. In 1961, two films sparked off real controversy: Viridiana by Luis Buñuel and Mother Joan of the Angels by Jerzy Kawalerowicz. The Warsaw clergy initiated legal proceedings against the latter film accusing it of undermining the dignity of the Church. The jury, presided by Jean Giono, awarded the Palme d'Or to the Spanish film and the Special Jury Prize to the Polish film. In 1966, The Nun by Jacques Rivette was banned by the censors. However the film was selected to participate in the Cannes Film Festival, a decision that was praised by the French Minister of Culture at the time André Malraux.

Dolce Vita night at the 1960 Festival

Dolce Vita night at the 1960 Festival

Party night for the "Dolce Vita" at the 13th festival and jury deliberations.

18 mai 1960
46s
Info (00064)
Jacques Rivette talks about his film <i>The Nun</i>

Jacques Rivette talks about his film The Nun

Photo session with Anna Karina, then interview with Jacques Rivette, who explains the basis of his film The Nun, according to Diderot, and defends himself for making a "despicably anti-clerical" work.

09 mai 1966
05m 52s
Info (00411)

Opening up to the rest of the world and to youth culture

The Cannes Film Festival gradually opened up to the International film world. Films from countries such as China, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Brazil began to feature amongst the award winners, and Japan was particularly in vogue with its Samurai films winning four Special Jury Prizes between 1960 and 1965. In 1962 youth was also taken into account when the Association of Film Critics created Critics' Week, a parallel event that presented filmmakers' first or second films. The public were particularly impressed by Bertrand Blier's first feature film shown at this event, Hitler, connais pas .

List of winners of the 1960 Cannes Festival

List of winners of the 1960 Cannes Festival

Maria Callas is a special guest at the festival and prize-giving ceremony of the 13th festival.

25 mai 1960
54s
Info (00066)
The 1964 selection

The 1964 selection

Overview of the selection of the 17th Cannes Festival and triumphant evening for "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg".

15 juil 1964
01m 23s
Info (00407)

An evolving jury

In 1964, for the first time, the president of the jury was not an academic but a director named Fritz Lang. Since the festival's very beginnings, the jury had always been led by writers such as André Maurois, Marcel Achard, Marcel Pagnol, Maurice Genevoix, Jean Giono to name but a few. Up until then the film world had been qualified as a minor art form, but it would be legitimised by respected intellectual and cultural institutions such as the Académie Française. From then on, the 7th Art became more and more liberated and the members of the jury were increasingly chosen from the film world. In 1965, the actress Olivia de Havilland was the first woman president of the jury, followed the year after by Sofia Loren.

Jean Giono and the cinema

Jean Giono and the cinema

Jean Giono, president of the jury, talks about the cinema, what it represents for him and his own experience as a director.

07 mai 1961
03m 44s
Info (00068)
The jury of the 1965 Festival speaks

The jury of the 1965 Festival speaks

Presentation of the jury of the 18th Festival, then interview with the General Delegate on the choice of jury and the jury members André Maurois, Rex Harrisson, Alain Robbe-Grillet and Olivia de Havilland?

14 mai 1965
09m 27s
Info (00095)
Sophia Loren, president of the jury of the 1966 Festival

Sophia Loren, president of the jury of the 1966 Festival

Sophia Loren speaks about the way in which she sees her role as president of the jury.

05 mai 1966
02m 59s
Info (00101)

The events of 1968

By this time the Cannes Film Festival was a recognised event for fans and professionals of the film world. But in May 1968, as students were building barricades in Paris, it was once again in danger. The atmosphere in Cannes was electric, and feelings were running especially high amongst the younger generation of filmmakers. François Truffaut made the announcement, "Everything with any sort of dignity or importance in France has come to a stop. I propose that we bring Cannes to a halt to organise a debate about the future of French cinema!" The jury members pulled out one after the other, first Louis Malle, then Monica Vitti and Roman Polanski. The debates and the strike action that paralysed the Palais du Festival became increasingly bitter. On the 18th of May, at the height of the troubles, Carlos Saura and Geraldine Chaplin prevented the showing of their film Peppermint Frappé by hanging onto the stage curtains. On the 19th of May, The president of the Festival Robert Favre Le Bret decided to cancel the festival to prevent things from degenerating any further.

Cannes Festival, May 1968

Cannes Festival, May 1968

Competition fever affects the Cannes Festival in May 68. Jean-Luc Godard, Roman Polanski, François Truffaut and Louis Malle lead passionate debates, holed up in the Palais des Festivals, to answer the question: should we stop the festival?

17 mai 1968
10m 25s
Info (00254)
Louis Malle remembers May 68 at Cannes

Louis Malle remembers May 68 at Cannes

Louis Malle remembers the Cannes Festival in May 68, where passionate discussions led to the cancellation of the event.

23 mai 1978
03m 08s
Info (00190)

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20 mai 1966
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Géraldine Chaplin, first steps in Cannes

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Serge Bondartchouk about his vote at the Cannes festival

Serge Bondartchouk about his vote at the Cannes festival

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29 juin 1967
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Info (00116)
Atmosphere at the 1962 Cannes Festival

Atmosphere at the 1962 Cannes Festival

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19 mai 1962
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Info (00403)
Closure of the 1957 Festival

Closure of the 1957 Festival

Closing evening of the 10th Cannes Festival: last climbing of the steps and last gala dinner with the Festival winners.

18 mai 1957
02m 11s
Info (00402)
List of winners of the 1956 Festival

List of winners of the 1956 Festival

Reading of the list of winners of the 9th Festival by the jury president Maurice Lehmann.

10 mai 1956
02m 50s
Info (00401)
The films of the 1965 Festival

The films of the 1965 Festival

Overview of the selection of the 18th Festival.

22 mai 1965
02m 15s
Info (00408)
Two figures of the Festival, Robert Favre le Bret and Aguigui Mouna

Two figures of the Festival, Robert Favre le Bret and Aguigui Mouna

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06 mai 1964
02m 17s
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Johnny Hallyday at the 1962 Festival

Johnny Hallyday at the 1962 Festival

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19 mai 1962
04m 34s
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Luchino Visconti expresses himself at length about the cinema and about <i>The Leopard</i>

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23 mai 1963
51s
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Chronicles of Cannes: Sammy Davis Jr, Orson Welles, Bourvil-De Funès, Jeanne Moreau

Chronicles of Cannes: Sammy Davis Jr, Orson Welles, Bourvil-De Funès, Jeanne Moreau

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14 mai 1966
03m 22s
Info (00412)
20 years of the Festival

20 years of the Festival

On the 20th anniversary of the Cannes Festival, the General Delegate Robert Favre le Bret remembers the first event in 1946 at the end of the war, with the discovery of films from around the world and Italian neo-realism.

05 mai 1966
05m 58s
Info (00410)
Sean Connery explains the success of James Bond

Sean Connery explains the success of James Bond

Sean Connery explains the reasons for the success of the "James Bond" saga, films which are colourful, lively and full of humour, which woke up a cinematic world then dominated by sad, serious films. Sean Connery then talks about his career.

27 mai 1965
09m 46s
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List of winners of the 1967 Cannes Festival

List of winners of the 1967 Cannes Festival

Extract of the award ceremony of the 20th Cannes international film festival, where Michelangelo Antonioni is crowned for his film shot in England, "Blow Up".

12 mai 1967
05m 21s
Info (00413)