Editorial path

1969-1977: A Festival that moves with the times

Céline Keller

Modernisation

In the words of Robert Favre le Bret, President of the Cannes Festival, "Cannes is neither communist, nor royalist, nor bourgeois nor proletarian. Its only ambition is to remain what it is, the most important annual event in the world of film." François Truffaut's call for a debate on the future of French film during the interrupted 1968 festival did not come to anything, but the words "the most important annual event in the world of film" suggested a real desire for change. The Festival needed to move with the times to support films that were taking on new forms. The selection process was modernised and freed from diplomatic pressure and the festival welcomed new techniques such as 16 mm film. In 1969 a second parallel event known as the Directors' Fortnight was created with the aim of being a global panorama of cinema d'auteur unrestricted by 'filming budgets or formats, censorship or political or commercial constraints'.

The 1969 selection

The 1969 selection

Overview of the selection of the 22nd Festival and interview with Robert Favre le Bret and Maurice Bessy about this selection presented at Cannes.

15 mai 1969
03m 05s
Info (00120)

A Festival ahead of its time

In the same year, Washington refused to give an exit visa for Easy Rider, the tribute film to the hippie culture. Nevertheless its director Denis Hopper received the 'Award for Best First Film', chosen by a jury presided by Luchino Visconti. In 1970, the International Grand Prix went to M.A.S.H., a film directed by Robert Altman denouncing the Korean War. The films showing at the Cannes Festival were beginning to represent changing attitudes and opposition to the Vietnam War. In 1975, the Algerian filmmaker Mohammed Lakhdar Hamina received the Palme d'Or for Chronicle of the Years of Fire from a jury presided by Jeanne Moreau. Politics continued to play a part in the Cannes Festival, but was now about contestation rather than pressure.

Palme d'Or for <i>M.A.S.H.</i> by Robert Altman

Palme d'Or for M.A.S.H. by Robert Altman

Extract of the prize-giving ceremony of the 23rd Festival, at the moment when the M.A.S.H. team receives the Grand Prix International.

17 mai 1970
03m 23s
Info (00444)
Jeanne Moreau, president of the 1975 jury

Jeanne Moreau, president of the 1975 jury

Jeanne Moreau explains how she is using her time as a jury member and gives her opinion on the Cannes Festival as a place for promoting films.

19 mai 1975
02m 44s
Info (00163)
Chronicle of the Burning Years, Palme d'Or at the 1975 Festival

Chronicle of the Burning Years, Palme d'Or at the 1975 Festival

Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina talks about his film, "Chronicle of the Burning Years", where he recounts the fifteen decisive years which preceded the start of "events" in Algeria.

19 oct 1975
10m 54s
Info (00423)

Icons and screen legends

The celebrities that had assured the Festival's reputation continued to grace it with their presence, with visits from stars such as Charlie Chaplin, whose arrival in 1971 caused a riot, Groucho Marx, who climbed the famous steps clad in jeans and a beret, John Lennon and Yoko Ono who were each presenting their own short film or then unknowns such as Arnold Schwarzenegger who came to Cannes after winning the Mr Universe contest in 1977. The Festivals in the seventies were marked by new scandals revealed by the press: in 1973, the French riot police prevented the showing of Histoires d'A, a film that showed images of an abortion; in 1977 the president of the jury Roberto Rossellini awarded a very controversial Palme d'Or to Padre Padrone directed by the Taviani brothers, but did not name a winner for the Special Jury Prize or an award for Best Film. It would be the last time. From then on Robert Favre le Bret made it compulsory to attribute all the main awards.

Homage to Charlie Chaplin

Homage to Charlie Chaplin

Charles Chaplin is made Commander of the Legion of Honour during the 24th opening ceremony of the International Film Festival.

12 mai 1971
11m 21s
Info (00416)
Groucho Marx and Alfred Hitchcock at Cannes

Groucho Marx and Alfred Hitchcock at Cannes

Groucho Marx talks about the political aspect of his films, and Alfred Hitchcock plays detective on a boat.

16 mai 1972
02m 41s
Info (00142)
Controversy surrounding abortion at Cannes

Controversy surrounding abortion at Cannes

Demonstration for the right to abortion in front of the Palais des Festivals, after the banning of the film "Histoire d'A".

24 mai 1974
01m 20s
Info (00159)
Critics' reactions to the 1977 awards

Critics' reactions to the 1977 awards

The list of winners of the 30th festival produces incomprehension and criticism: the opinion of Pierre-Henri Deleau, director of the Directors' Fortnight, of Monique Pantel, a journalist, of José Artur and of Jean-Claude Brialy.

28 mai 1977
03m 07s
Info (00181)
Jacques Demy, member of the Jury, goes over the 1977 list of winners

Jacques Demy, member of the Jury, goes over the 1977 list of winners

Revisiting the controversy around the 1977 winners. The former jury member Jacques Demy explains the the fact that the award was given to "Padre Padrone" by the Frères Taviani, the position of the jury president Roberto Rossellini and the disagreement with the President of the Festival Robert Favre le Bret.

01 juil 1977
03m 22s
Info (00184)

A Festival in support of artists

In 1969 the President of the Festival Robert Favre le Bret stirred up another hornet's nest by choosing to show Andrei Tarkovski's film, Andrei Roublev . He had seen an unfinished version while in the URSS three years earlier, but the Soviet authorities had prevented the author from finishing the film. The Cannes public loved the film. This enthusiastic reaction led to the Soviet authorities allowing Tarkovski more leeway in his work. His next two films, Solaris and Stalker met with similar success at Cannes. From then on recognition at the Cannes International Film Festival would help artists to fight against censorship or repression or to rise above financial difficulties. By progressively opening its doors to the cinema d'auteur, the Festival had led the way by backing films ‘for the more knowledgeable and independent film fans', to quote the expression used by Jean-Louis Fabiani , and also contributed to expanding the audience for such films and giving them more legitimacy. [1]: Aux Marches du Palais, Le Festival de Cannes sous le regard des Sciences sociales, an ethnographic study of the Cannes International Film Festival by Emmanuel Ethis, La Documentation française, 2001.

Solaris by Andreï Tarkovsky, special Jury Grand Prix of 1972

Solaris by Andreï Tarkovsky, special Jury Grand Prix of 1972

On the subject of "Solaris": extracts of the film and interview with the director Andreï Tarkovsky and his leading actress Natalia Bondartchouk.

04 juin 1972
07m 04s
Info (00144)
About <i>Break-Up</i> by Maurice Pialat

About Break-Up by Maurice Pialat

Break-Up: Best Actor award for Jean Yanne, to boos from the public, then interview with Jean Yanne, Macha Méril and Maurice Pialat.

04 juin 1972
05m 03s
Info (00145)
Scandal for <i>The Grand Bouffe</i> by Marco Ferreri

Scandal for The Grand Bouffe by Marco Ferreri

Marco Ferreri and the team of The Grand Bouffe receive boos and whistles after the film is shown in competition for France.

22 mai 1973
03m 51s
Info (00447)
Jean Eustache in competition with <i>The Mother and the Whore</i>

Jean Eustache in competition with The Mother and the Whore

Interview with Jean Eustache, who talks about the origin of his film The Mother and the Whore, then the actors Bernadette Lafont, Jean-Pierre Léaud and Françoise Lebrun talk about their work with the director.

08 juin 1973
10m 03s
Info (00153)
Controversy surrounding <i>A Thousand and One Nights</i> by Pasolini

Controversy surrounding A Thousand and One Nights by Pasolini

Press conference with Pasolini after the showing of A Thousand and One Nights, where he explains that he let himself be carried away by the story. Then, the critics gave their opinion on the film, on the selection and commented on the reactions of the public to the Festival of Cannes.

21 mai 1974
03m 16s
Info (00158)
Ettore Scola presents <i>Ugly, Dirty and Bad</i>

Ettore Scola presents Ugly, Dirty and Bad

Ettore Scola and Nino Manfredi talk about the film Ugly, Dirty and Bad, presented this evening in the official selection, a comedy which highlights a family of dropouts who live around Rome.

26 mai 1976
02m 30s
Info (00424)

Related videos

Marcel Carné at the 1969 Cannes Festival

Marcel Carné at the 1969 Cannes Festival

Interview with the director Marcel Carné, who gives his opinion of the films he has seen. He adds that when one has already made a name for oneself, the risk is too great in presenting a film at Cannes.

20 mai 1969
02m 05s
Info (00122)
Opening of the 1969 Festival

Opening of the 1969 Festival

In the studio, announcement of the imminent opening of the festival and presentation of the gala evening.

08 mai 1969
01m 32s
Info (00119)
What is Cannes for you?

What is Cannes for you?

France Roche asks different people, famous and unknown, what the Cannes festival represents for them, then she presents some figures on the event.

05 mai 1970
04m 19s
Info (00127)
Closing ceremony Cannes 1969

Closing ceremony Cannes 1969

Extract of the award ceremony and Grand Prix to "If" by Lindsay Anderson.

23 mai 1969
04m 25s
Info (00125)
Jean-Louis Trintignant mentions his three films in competition at Cannes

Jean-Louis Trintignant mentions his three films in competition at Cannes

Jean Louis Trintignant mentions his three films in competition at Cannes and his jobas an actor, with mixed results.

22 mai 1969
01m 46s
Info (00124)
Luchino Visconti, president of the jury in 1969

Luchino Visconti, president of the jury in 1969

Interview with the director Luchino Visconti on the question of judging the films and on the growth of the cinema.

21 mai 1969
02m 54s
Info (00123)
Death in Venice, Luchino Visconti

Death in Venice, Luchino Visconti

Interview with Luchino Visconti about his film "Death in Venice", interwoven with clips of the filming.

06 juin 1971
09m 26s
Info (00136)
List of winners of the 1971 Festival

List of winners of the 1971 Festival

Revisiting the principal awards of the 24th Cannes Festival.

06 juin 1971
03m 32s
Info (00135)
Michèle Morgan, president of the 1971 jury

Michèle Morgan, president of the 1971 jury

Interview with Michèle Morgan, president of the jury at the 24th international film festival.

16 mai 1971
03m 29s
Info (00133)
Kirk Douglas, member of the 1970 jury

Kirk Douglas, member of the 1970 jury

Presentation of the jury members of the 23rd Festival and interview with jury member Kirk Douglas.

08 mai 1970
04m 11s
Info (00128)
Chronicle of Cannes 1971

Chronicle of Cannes 1971

Report on the atmosphere at the 24th Cannes Festival: overview of the films presented, explanation of the usefulness of Cannes by Claude Leclouch, festival atmosphere with a hint of competition?

22 mai 1971
05m 23s
Info (00134)
Sergio Leone, a tourist at the Cannes Festival

Sergio Leone, a tourist at the Cannes Festival

Quirky interview with Sergio Leone, who has come to enjoy the Festival atmosphere but does not have a film in competition and does not want to have one.

18 mai 1973
03m 18s
Info (00147)
List of winners of the 1972 festival

List of winners of the 1972 festival

Extracts of the award ceremony of the 25th Cannes Festival and comments by the critic Pierre Billard.

20 mai 1972
04m 12s
Info (00143)
Atmosphere at the 1972 Festival

Atmosphere at the 1972 Festival

Street interview in Cannes about the atmosphere at the festival: unknown people, Jean-Pierre Mocky, Peter O'Toole, a starlet and Michèle Mercier.

08 mai 1972
02m 57s
Info (00141)
Jacques Tati and the party

Jacques Tati and the party

Jacques Tati presents his film "Parade" at Cannes and takes part in a parade in the town and a garden party.

16 mai 1974
06m 49s
Info (00156)
About the film <i>The Go-Between</i> by Joseph Losey

About the film The Go-Between by Joseph Losey

Report about the film The Go-Between : extracts of the film, interview with the director Joseph Losey and the actor Alan Bates.

06 juin 1971
53s
Info (00138)
Controversy surrounding the film <i>And Now My Love</i> by Claude Lelouch

Controversy surrounding the film And Now My Love by Claude Lelouch

Following the showing of the film And Now My Love in Cannes out of the competition, when there was a great deal of whistling, Claude Lelouch gives a press conference to explain himself. Meeting with the comedians who comment on the reception given to the film.

20 mai 1974
04m 57s
Info (00157)
Ingrid Bergman, president of the Jury for the 1973 Festival

Ingrid Bergman, president of the Jury for the 1973 Festival

Ingrid Bergman explains her role as president of the jury at the 26th Festival.

22 mai 1973
02m 39s
Info (00150)
François Nourissier, member of the jury at the 1973 Festival

François Nourissier, member of the jury at the 1973 Festival

André Halimi welcomes François Nourissier, who is thrilled to be a member of the jury and talks about the French selection of the 26th Festival in which he has taken part.

21 mai 1973
03m 49s
Info (00149)
Monica Vitti, member of the 1974 jury

Monica Vitti, member of the 1974 jury

Interview with Monica Vitti, jury member for the 27th Cannes Festival.

24 mai 1974
02m 59s
Info (00161)
Grand Prix to Francis Ford Coppola for <i>The Conversation</i>

Grand Prix to Francis Ford Coppola for The Conversation

Pierre Tchernia experiences a few technical problems in the studio, before hosting Francis Ford Coppola, whose film The Conversation has just received the highest distinction at the 27th Cannes Festival.

24 mai 1974
03m 40s
Info (00160)
The wonders of the music hall at Cannes

The wonders of the music hall at Cannes

Arrival by plane of Fred Astaire, Cary Grant, Cyd Charisse, Gene Kelly and Johnny Weismuller, before the special opening evening of the festival, during which the musical comedy "Hollywood... Hollywood !" which revisits the greatest moments of American music hall, is presented.

14 mai 1976
03m 12s
Info (00167)
Opening of the 1976 festival

Opening of the 1976 festival

Opening evening of the 29th festival and climbing of the steps by Gene Kelly and Fred Astaire, Cary Grant, Yves Montand, Johnny Weissmuller.

14 mai 1976
01m 10s
Info (00166)
Werner Herzog in Cannes for <i>Kaspar Hauser</i>

Werner Herzog in Cannes for Kaspar Hauser

Werner Herzog speaks about his film Kaspar Hauser, which received the "Grand prix spécial" of the jury at the 28th Festival, and which tells the mysterious story of a young man found in 1828 in a square in Nuremberg who did not know how to read or write and could hardly speak.

19 oct 1975
09m 35s
Info (00164)
The film market at the 1976 Festival

The film market at the 1976 Festival

Review of the favourite films of the 29th festival and reminder of the importance of the Cannes festival to the film industry.

25 mai 1976
02m 54s
Info (00171)
The Festival at a crossroads

The Festival at a crossroads

The Secretary General of the Festival, Jean Touzet, explains that the Festival will have to transform and become bigger, a victim of its success. He recalls that on the one hand the Festival hosted 500 people in 1946, compared with 35,000 in 1976, and that on the other hand the number of films has been continuingly increasing up to 1000 this year.

24 mai 1976
08m 15s
Info (00170)
Cannes: the cinema in the street

Cannes: the cinema in the street

During the 1976 festival, report on the style of the festival-goers, famous and unknown.

19 mai 1976
03m 01s
Info (00169)
Charlotte Rampling and Tennessee Williams, members of the jury at the 1976 Festival

Charlotte Rampling and Tennessee Williams, members of the jury at the 1976 Festival

Danièle Gilbert receives a very smiley Tennessee Williams and Charlotte Rampling, who are president and member of the jury respectively. They talk about the adaptation of Williams' plays for the cinema and censorship.

15 mai 1976
04m 44s
Info (00168)
Opening of the 1977 festival

Opening of the 1977 festival

Arrival of celebrities for the opening gala of the 30th festival, in a climate of concern over the future of French cinema.

14 mai 1977
01m 20s
Info (00176)
Isabelle Huppert regarding <i>The Lacemaker</i> and <i>The Indians Are Still Far Away</i>.

Isabelle Huppert regarding The Lacemaker and The Indians Are Still Far Away.

Isabelle Huppert talks about the two characters she plays in the films The Lacemaker and The Indians Are Still Far Away, in which she had very little dialogue. She says this allowed her to explore "the art of silence" that cinema is to her.

20 mai 1977
02m 55s
Info (00177)
Roberto Rossellini, president of the 1977 jury

Roberto Rossellini, president of the 1977 jury

Brief interview with Roberto Rossellini, president of the jury for the 30th Festival, who thinks that the 10 days of symposiums organised during the Festival have been profitable.

26 mai 1977
24s
Info (00179)
Jodie Foster on the subject of <i>Taxi Driver</i>

Jodie Foster on the subject of Taxi Driver

Jodie Foster, aged 13, explains the character of Travis Bickle, the Taxi Driver of Martin Scorsese, interwoven with extracts of the film.

28 mai 1976
03m 05s
Info (00175)
Shelley Winters in competition in Cannes with two films

Shelley Winters in competition in Cannes with two films

Shelley Winters talks about the role she played in New York, sings in French and recounts her memories of the 1954 Cannes Festival. The director Paul Mazursky then summarises the outline of his film "Next stop, Greenwich Village".

25 mai 1976
09m 55s
Info (00172)
In search of stars

In search of stars

Humorous report by Guy Pierrauld, in a desperate serach for stars on la Croisette.

29 mai 1977
03m 07s
Info (00182)
Assessment of the 1977 Cannes festival

Assessment of the 1977 Cannes festival

France Roche delivers an analysis of the list of winners of the 30th festival, rather morose in its selection, and in the choice of awards.

27 mai 1977
01m 52s
Info (00180)
Monica Vitti wants to put on an act

Monica Vitti wants to put on an act

Monica Vitti, an actress in the Ettore Scola film, talks about comic films and the supposedly superior status of drama over comedy.

18 mai 1970
01m 31s
Info (00415)
Henri-Georges Clouzot at Cannes

Henri-Georges Clouzot at Cannes

Interview with Henri-Georges Clouzot; he talks about the "hippy" films presented at Cannes and his film projects, which he plans to make abroad due to the huge problems filming in France.

16 mai 1969
02m 42s
Info (00414)
Cannes 1974, the film-makers speak

Cannes 1974, the film-makers speak

Several film-makers, in competition or in the parallel selections, defend their film in detail in front of the journalists: Jacques Tati, Luigi Comencini, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Dusan Makavejev, Liliana Cavani, Francis Ford Coppola, Robert Bresson, Alai

24 juin 1974
15m 59s
Info (00421)
On the subject of <i>Amarcord</i>, press conference with Federico Fellini

On the subject of Amarcord, press conference with Federico Fellini

Press conference with Federico Fellini in English, Italian and French about his new film Amarcord (I Remember).

14 mai 1974
02m 46s
Info (00420)
Predictions of the critics on the winners and comments on the 1973 selection

Predictions of the critics on the winners and comments on the 1973 selection

Predictions of the critics on the future winners and comments on the selection of the 26th Festival, with Robert Chazal of "France-Soir", Jean-Louis Bory of the "Nouvel Observateur", François Morin of "L'Humanité", Jean de Baroncelli of "Le Monde" and Henry Chapier of "Combat".

24 mai 1973
11m 45s
Info (00419)
Interview with Jerry Schatzberg for <i>Scarecrow</i>

Interview with Jerry Schatzberg for Scarecrow

Interview with Jerry Schatzberg for Scarecrow, which received the Grand Prix, with Gene Hackman and Al Pacino.

19 mai 1973
02m 53s
Info (00418)
A jury member comments on the winners

A jury member comments on the winners

Pierre Billard, critic and jury member at the 24th Cannes Festival, comments on the two awards given to Joseph Losey and Luchino Visconti.

06 juin 1971
46s
Info (00417)
Padre Padrone by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani at the 1977 Festival

Padre Padrone by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani at the 1977 Festival

Paolo and Vittorio Taviani talk about their film "Padre Padrone", which tells the story, based on true facts, of a young, uneducated shepherd from Sardinia who wants to change his situation.

20 mai 1977
02m 38s
Info (00425)
Forceful filming in the jungle for Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand

Forceful filming in the jungle for Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand

Report on "Call Me Savage" by Jean-Paul Rappeneau. Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand talk about the problem of financing films.

19 oct 1975
10m 29s
Info (00422)
Jury and selection 1972

Jury and selection 1972

Presentation of the members of the jury for the 25th Cannes Festival and commentary on the selection of Maurice Bessy, General Delegate.

06 mai 1972
03m 30s
Info (00445)
Opening of the 1970 Cannes Festival

Opening of the 1970 Cannes Festival

On the opening of the 23rd Festival, interview on the beach with Jean-Claude Brialy, and climbing of the stairs for the inaugural gala evening.

03 mai 1970
02m 46s
Info (00443)
Reactions to the 1976 winners

Reactions to the 1976 winners

Alain Beverini comments on the winners of the 29th Festival, which he considers disappointing despite the quality of the films shown.

28 mai 1976
04m 29s
Info (00449)
Opening of the 1974 Festival

Opening of the 1974 Festival

Opening gala for the 27th Cannes Festival, with Federico Fellini as special guest, accompanied by Giulietta Masina and Magali Noël.

10 mai 1974
03m 15s
Info (00448)
Opening of the 1973 Festival

Opening of the 1973 Festival

Gala evening for the opening of the 26th Cannes Festival, and procession of celebrities on the steps of the Palais.

11 mai 1973
03m 24s
Info (00446)