1969-1977: A Festival that moves with the times
In the words of Robert Favre le Bret, President of the Cannes Festival, "Cannes is neither communist, nor royalist, nor bourgeois nor proletarian. Its only ambition is to remain what it is, the most important annual event in the world of film." François Truffaut's call for a debate on the future of French film during the interrupted 1968 festival did not come to anything, but the words "the most important annual event in the world of film" suggested a real desire for change. The Festival needed to move with the times to support films that were taking on new forms. The selection process was modernised and freed from diplomatic pressure and the festival welcomed new techniques such as 16 mm film. In 1969 a second parallel event known as the Directors' Fortnight was created with the aim of being a global panorama of cinema d'auteur unrestricted by 'filming budgets or formats, censorship or political or commercial constraints'.
The 1969 selection
Overview of the selection of the 22nd Festival and interview with Robert Favre le Bret and Maurice Bessy about this selection presented at Cannes.
A Festival ahead of its time
In the same year, Washington refused to give an exit visa for Easy Rider, the tribute film to the hippie culture. Nevertheless its director Denis Hopper received the 'Award for Best First Film', chosen by a jury presided by Luchino Visconti. In 1970, the International Grand Prix went to M.A.S.H., a film directed by Robert Altman denouncing the Korean War. The films showing at the Cannes Festival were beginning to represent changing attitudes and opposition to the Vietnam War. In 1975, the Algerian filmmaker Mohammed Lakhdar Hamina received the Palme d'Or for Chronicle of the Years of Fire from a jury presided by Jeanne Moreau. Politics continued to play a part in the Cannes Festival, but was now about contestation rather than pressure.
Palme d'Or for M.A.S.H. by Robert Altman
Extract of the prize-giving ceremony of the 23rd Festival, at the moment when the M.A.S.H. team receives the Grand Prix International.
Jeanne Moreau, president of the 1975 jury
Jeanne Moreau explains how she is using her time as a jury member and gives her opinion on the Cannes Festival as a place for promoting films.
Chronicle of the Burning Years, Palme d'Or at the 1975 Festival
Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina talks about his film, "Chronicle of the Burning Years", where he recounts the fifteen decisive years which preceded the start of "events" in Algeria.
Icons and screen legends
The celebrities that had assured the Festival's reputation continued to grace it with their presence, with visits from stars such as Charlie Chaplin, whose arrival in 1971 caused a riot, Groucho Marx, who climbed the famous steps clad in jeans and a beret, John Lennon and Yoko Ono who were each presenting their own short film or then unknowns such as Arnold Schwarzenegger who came to Cannes after winning the Mr Universe contest in 1977. The Festivals in the seventies were marked by new scandals revealed by the press: in 1973, the French riot police prevented the showing of Histoires d'A, a film that showed images of an abortion; in 1977 the president of the jury Roberto Rossellini awarded a very controversial Palme d'Or to Padre Padrone directed by the Taviani brothers, but did not name a winner for the Special Jury Prize or an award for Best Film. It would be the last time. From then on Robert Favre le Bret made it compulsory to attribute all the main awards.
Homage to Charlie Chaplin
Charles Chaplin is made Commander of the Legion of Honour during the 24th opening ceremony of the International Film Festival.
Groucho Marx and Alfred Hitchcock at Cannes
Groucho Marx talks about the political aspect of his films, and Alfred Hitchcock plays detective on a boat.
Controversy surrounding abortion at Cannes
Demonstration for the right to abortion in front of the Palais des Festivals, after the banning of the film "Histoire d'A".
Critics' reactions to the 1977 awards
The list of winners of the 30th festival produces incomprehension and criticism: the opinion of Pierre-Henri Deleau, director of the Directors' Fortnight, of Monique Pantel, a journalist, of José Artur and of Jean-Claude Brialy.
Jacques Demy, member of the Jury, goes over the 1977 list of winners
Revisiting the controversy around the 1977 winners. The former jury member Jacques Demy explains the the fact that the award was given to "Padre Padrone" by the Frères Taviani, the position of the jury president Roberto Rossellini and the disagreement with the President of the Festival Robert Favre le Bret.
A Festival in support of artists
In 1969 the President of the Festival Robert Favre le Bret stirred up another hornet's nest by choosing to show Andrei Tarkovski's film, Andrei Roublev . He had seen an unfinished version while in the URSS three years earlier, but the Soviet authorities had prevented the author from finishing the film. The Cannes public loved the film. This enthusiastic reaction led to the Soviet authorities allowing Tarkovski more leeway in his work. His next two films, Solaris and Stalker met with similar success at Cannes. From then on recognition at the Cannes International Film Festival would help artists to fight against censorship or repression or to rise above financial difficulties. By progressively opening its doors to the cinema d'auteur, the Festival had led the way by backing films ‘for the more knowledgeable and independent film fans', to quote the expression used by Jean-Louis Fabiani , and also contributed to expanding the audience for such films and giving them more legitimacy. : Aux Marches du Palais, Le Festival de Cannes sous le regard des Sciences sociales, an ethnographic study of the Cannes International Film Festival by Emmanuel Ethis, La Documentation française, 2001.
Solaris by Andreï Tarkovsky, special Jury Grand Prix of 1972
On the subject of "Solaris": extracts of the film and interview with the director Andreï Tarkovsky and his leading actress Natalia Bondartchouk.
About Break-Up by Maurice Pialat
Break-Up: Best Actor award for Jean Yanne, to boos from the public, then interview with Jean Yanne, Macha Méril and Maurice Pialat.
Scandal for The Grand Bouffe by Marco Ferreri
Marco Ferreri and the team of The Grand Bouffe receive boos and whistles after the film is shown in competition for France.
Jean Eustache in competition with The Mother and the Whore
Interview with Jean Eustache, who talks about the origin of his film The Mother and the Whore, then the actors Bernadette Lafont, Jean-Pierre Léaud and Françoise Lebrun talk about their work with the director.
Controversy surrounding A Thousand and One Nights by Pasolini
Press conference with Pasolini after the showing of A Thousand and One Nights, where he explains that he let himself be carried away by the story. Then, the critics gave their opinion on the film, on the selection and commented on the reactions of the public to the Festival of Cannes.
Ettore Scola presents Ugly, Dirty and Bad
Ettore Scola and Nino Manfredi talk about the film Ugly, Dirty and Bad, presented this evening in the official selection, a comedy which highlights a family of dropouts who live around Rome.
Marcel Carné at the 1969 Cannes Festival
Interview with the director Marcel Carné, who gives his opinion of the films he has seen. He adds that when one has already made a name for oneself, the risk is too great in presenting a film at Cannes.
Opening of the 1969 Festival
In the studio, announcement of the imminent opening of the festival and presentation of the gala evening.
What is Cannes for you?
France Roche asks different people, famous and unknown, what the Cannes festival represents for them, then she presents some figures on the event.
Closing ceremony Cannes 1969
Extract of the award ceremony and Grand Prix to "If" by Lindsay Anderson.
Jean-Louis Trintignant mentions his three films in competition at Cannes
Jean Louis Trintignant mentions his three films in competition at Cannes and his jobas an actor, with mixed results.
Luchino Visconti, president of the jury in 1969
Interview with the director Luchino Visconti on the question of judging the films and on the growth of the cinema.
Death in Venice, Luchino Visconti
Interview with Luchino Visconti about his film "Death in Venice", interwoven with clips of the filming.
List of winners of the 1971 Festival
Revisiting the principal awards of the 24th Cannes Festival.
Michèle Morgan, president of the 1971 jury
Interview with Michèle Morgan, president of the jury at the 24th international film festival.
Kirk Douglas, member of the 1970 jury
Presentation of the jury members of the 23rd Festival and interview with jury member Kirk Douglas.
Chronicle of Cannes 1971
Report on the atmosphere at the 24th Cannes Festival: overview of the films presented, explanation of the usefulness of Cannes by Claude Leclouch, festival atmosphere with a hint of competition?
Sergio Leone, a tourist at the Cannes Festival
Quirky interview with Sergio Leone, who has come to enjoy the Festival atmosphere but does not have a film in competition and does not want to have one.
List of winners of the 1972 festival
Extracts of the award ceremony of the 25th Cannes Festival and comments by the critic Pierre Billard.
Atmosphere at the 1972 Festival
Street interview in Cannes about the atmosphere at the festival: unknown people, Jean-Pierre Mocky, Peter O'Toole, a starlet and Michèle Mercier.
Jacques Tati and the party
Jacques Tati presents his film "Parade" at Cannes and takes part in a parade in the town and a garden party.
About the film The Go-Between by Joseph Losey
Report about the film The Go-Between : extracts of the film, interview with the director Joseph Losey and the actor Alan Bates.
Controversy surrounding the film And Now My Love by Claude Lelouch
Following the showing of the film And Now My Love in Cannes out of the competition, when there was a great deal of whistling, Claude Lelouch gives a press conference to explain himself. Meeting with the comedians who comment on the reception given to the film.
Ingrid Bergman, president of the Jury for the 1973 Festival
Ingrid Bergman explains her role as president of the jury at the 26th Festival.
François Nourissier, member of the jury at the 1973 Festival
André Halimi welcomes François Nourissier, who is thrilled to be a member of the jury and talks about the French selection of the 26th Festival in which he has taken part.
Monica Vitti, member of the 1974 jury
Interview with Monica Vitti, jury member for the 27th Cannes Festival.
Grand Prix to Francis Ford Coppola for The Conversation
Pierre Tchernia experiences a few technical problems in the studio, before hosting Francis Ford Coppola, whose film The Conversation has just received the highest distinction at the 27th Cannes Festival.
The wonders of the music hall at Cannes
Arrival by plane of Fred Astaire, Cary Grant, Cyd Charisse, Gene Kelly and Johnny Weismuller, before the special opening evening of the festival, during which the musical comedy "Hollywood... Hollywood !" which revisits the greatest moments of American music hall, is presented.
Opening of the 1976 festival
Opening evening of the 29th festival and climbing of the steps by Gene Kelly and Fred Astaire, Cary Grant, Yves Montand, Johnny Weissmuller.
Werner Herzog in Cannes for Kaspar Hauser
Werner Herzog speaks about his film Kaspar Hauser, which received the "Grand prix spécial" of the jury at the 28th Festival, and which tells the mysterious story of a young man found in 1828 in a square in Nuremberg who did not know how to read or write and could hardly speak.
The film market at the 1976 Festival
Review of the favourite films of the 29th festival and reminder of the importance of the Cannes festival to the film industry.
The Festival at a crossroads
The Secretary General of the Festival, Jean Touzet, explains that the Festival will have to transform and become bigger, a victim of its success. He recalls that on the one hand the Festival hosted 500 people in 1946, compared with 35,000 in 1976, and that on the other hand the number of films has been continuingly increasing up to 1000 this year.
Cannes: the cinema in the street
During the 1976 festival, report on the style of the festival-goers, famous and unknown.
Charlotte Rampling and Tennessee Williams, members of the jury at the 1976 Festival
Danièle Gilbert receives a very smiley Tennessee Williams and Charlotte Rampling, who are president and member of the jury respectively. They talk about the adaptation of Williams' plays for the cinema and censorship.
Opening of the 1977 festival
Arrival of celebrities for the opening gala of the 30th festival, in a climate of concern over the future of French cinema.
Isabelle Huppert regarding The Lacemaker and The Indians Are Still Far Away.
Isabelle Huppert talks about the two characters she plays in the films The Lacemaker and The Indians Are Still Far Away, in which she had very little dialogue. She says this allowed her to explore "the art of silence" that cinema is to her.
Roberto Rossellini, president of the 1977 jury
Brief interview with Roberto Rossellini, president of the jury for the 30th Festival, who thinks that the 10 days of symposiums organised during the Festival have been profitable.
Jodie Foster on the subject of Taxi Driver
Jodie Foster, aged 13, explains the character of Travis Bickle, the Taxi Driver of Martin Scorsese, interwoven with extracts of the film.
Shelley Winters in competition in Cannes with two films
Shelley Winters talks about the role she played in New York, sings in French and recounts her memories of the 1954 Cannes Festival. The director Paul Mazursky then summarises the outline of his film "Next stop, Greenwich Village".
In search of stars
Humorous report by Guy Pierrauld, in a desperate serach for stars on la Croisette.
Assessment of the 1977 Cannes festival
France Roche delivers an analysis of the list of winners of the 30th festival, rather morose in its selection, and in the choice of awards.
Monica Vitti wants to put on an act
Monica Vitti, an actress in the Ettore Scola film, talks about comic films and the supposedly superior status of drama over comedy.
Henri-Georges Clouzot at Cannes
Interview with Henri-Georges Clouzot; he talks about the "hippy" films presented at Cannes and his film projects, which he plans to make abroad due to the huge problems filming in France.
Cannes 1974, the film-makers speak
Several film-makers, in competition or in the parallel selections, defend their film in detail in front of the journalists: Jacques Tati, Luigi Comencini, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Dusan Makavejev, Liliana Cavani, Francis Ford Coppola, Robert Bresson, Alai
On the subject of Amarcord, press conference with Federico Fellini
Press conference with Federico Fellini in English, Italian and French about his new film Amarcord (I Remember).
Predictions of the critics on the winners and comments on the 1973 selection
Predictions of the critics on the future winners and comments on the selection of the 26th Festival, with Robert Chazal of "France-Soir", Jean-Louis Bory of the "Nouvel Observateur", François Morin of "L'Humanité", Jean de Baroncelli of "Le Monde" and Henry Chapier of "Combat".
Interview with Jerry Schatzberg for Scarecrow
Interview with Jerry Schatzberg for Scarecrow, which received the Grand Prix, with Gene Hackman and Al Pacino.
A jury member comments on the winners
Pierre Billard, critic and jury member at the 24th Cannes Festival, comments on the two awards given to Joseph Losey and Luchino Visconti.
Padre Padrone by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani at the 1977 Festival
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani talk about their film "Padre Padrone", which tells the story, based on true facts, of a young, uneducated shepherd from Sardinia who wants to change his situation.
Forceful filming in the jungle for Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand
Report on "Call Me Savage" by Jean-Paul Rappeneau. Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand talk about the problem of financing films.
Jury and selection 1972
Presentation of the members of the jury for the 25th Cannes Festival and commentary on the selection of Maurice Bessy, General Delegate.
Opening of the 1970 Cannes Festival
On the opening of the 23rd Festival, interview on the beach with Jean-Claude Brialy, and climbing of the stairs for the inaugural gala evening.
Reactions to the 1976 winners
Alain Beverini comments on the winners of the 29th Festival, which he considers disappointing despite the quality of the films shown.
Opening of the 1974 Festival
Opening gala for the 27th Cannes Festival, with Federico Fellini as special guest, accompanied by Giulietta Masina and Magali Noël.
Opening of the 1973 Festival
Gala evening for the opening of the 26th Cannes Festival, and procession of celebrities on the steps of the Palais.