Report on the history and organization of the Vienna Philharmonic. This key institution in the world's musical landscape is in the middle of a revolution since it will now be accepting female musicians within its ranks.
The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is one of the three or four most prestigious in the world. It was founded in 1842 by Otto Nicolai and has since been governed by the same rules: musicians select their members and conductors. It has had such great names in the history of music as conductors as: Hans Richter, Gustav Mahler, Felix Weingartner, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Bruno Walter, Herbert von Karajan, Pierre Boulez, Claudio Addado...
The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra has created numerous works which are now classics, like Brahms or Bruckner symphonies. It happens in the magnificent theatre, wood-panelled and golden, the Musikverein, known the world over for the new year concerts that are broadcast to television sets. This orchestra has a reputation for it's velvet sounds, with its homogenous strings that are particularly well adapted to a Germanic repertoire. From 1997 the orchestra accepted the election of a woman, a harpist, in its ranks.