Victor Brauner exhibit
Portrait and presentation of Victor Brauner's paintings and sculptures on the occasion of the first retrospective of his works at the Musée National d'Art Moderne
A Romanian painter (1903-1966) established in Paris between the two wars, the life of Victor Brauner is in the image of his works, abundant and anti-conventional. It was punctuated by romantic episodes, Spiritualism séances from a Moldavian childhood, passing by French bohemianism with the surrealists - which would cost him an eye during a fight in 1938 - to clandestine living in Provence with René Char during the occupation.
Influenced by Klee, De Chirico and Picasso, Brauner mixed into his paintings social critique and the derision dear to Dadaism, the fanciful universe of surrealists and almost childlike references to the arts premiers. Close to Tanguy, Giacometti and Breton, he was part of the large Romanian community that came to breathe the Parisian Zeitgeist, as the European intellectual and artistic capital. Constantine Brancusi, Emil Cioran, Mircea Eliade, Eugene Ionesco and Tristan Tzara in particular were also there.
If Brauner used different techniques in his paintings, he distinguished himself by using smoke and wax, makeshift materials that he kept from his period of forced reclusion during the Second World War.